Syllabus of UGC NET JRF Commerce

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1. ACCOUNTANCY

  • Basic of Accounting concept/Principles/Assumptions
  • Accounting Standard/IAS/IFRS
  • Partnership Accounting including Dissolution
  • Garner VS Murray/Piecemeal Distribution System
  • Company Accounts including Liquidation & ESOP's
  • Ratio Analysis/Window Dressing/Fudging
  • Cash Flow Statement & Fund Flow Statement
  • Holding & Subsidiary Companies
  • Amalgamation/Mergers/Acquisition
  • Leasing /Hire Purchase / Bank Loan
  • Accounting of Human Resource
  • Accounting Software
 

2. BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

  • Industries, their classification & various policy statement
  • Economic Planning including 5 years plans & niti aayog
  • Consumer Protection Act 1986
  • Competition Act 2002 including MRTP Act 1969
  • Sarbon Oxley Act 2002
  • IT Act 2002/ Company Act 2013/ SWMA Act 1976/
  • MSMED Act 2006
  • Prevention of Food Adulteration Act.
  • Globalization, Liberalization, Privatization.
  • Recent Schemes of PM & FM
  • Human Development Index
  • Corporate Governance & CSR including clause 49 of SEBI
 

3. Cost & MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING

  • Types Of Cost & Accounting
  • Various Elements of Cost (Direct & Indirect)
  • Marginal & Absorption Costing(including under/over
  • recovery)
  • Treatment of Normal & Abnormal items
  • Break even Analysis & CVP Analysis
  • Reconciliation of CA & FA
  • Cost Reduction & Cost Control Techniques
  • Standard costing (Control Ratios) & Budgetary control
  • Decision making & Responsibility Accounting
  • Six Sigma/Lean/Kaizon
 

4. STATISTICS

  • Statistical Report
  • Steps to write a statistical report
  • Data Types: Types of data and their processing
  • Sampling methods
  • Measures of Central Tendency (Mean, Median, Mode)
  • Sampling Theory & Characteristics, Method of Sampling.
  • Measures of Variation/Dispersion
  • Probability
  • Simple Posterior probability
  • Permutation and Combination
  • Conditional Probability
  • Types of Discrete Probability distributions: Binomial and
  • Poisson Distribution
  • Chebychev's theorem
  • Continuous variables and their probability distribution
  • Normal Distribution
  • Correlation and Regression
  • Sampling Distributions: t test, F test and Chi-square test
  • Hypothesis Testing
  • Skewness, kurtosis & moment Miscellaneous
 

5. BUSINESS ECONOMICS

  • Demand Analysis & Elasticity of Demand
  • Law of Diminishing Returns and Law of Equi-Marginal
  • Utility
  • Indifference curve analysis
  • Budget constraint
  • Properties & Types of Indifference curves Consumer equilibrium
  • Shifting of indifference curves
  • Hicksian & Slutsky Approach
  • Giffen goods
  • Income consumption curve and price consumption curve
  • Law of returns and variable proportions
  • Cost & Revenue analysis
  • Perfect competition
  • Monopoly
  • Monopolistic competition
  • Price Discrimination
  • Oligopoly
  • Managerial theories of firms
  • Miscellaneous
 

6. MONEY & BANKING

  • Introduction to Banks
  • Functions, Organisation & Structure of Commercial Banks
  • Credit creation by Commercial Banks
  • Central Banking: Functions and credit control
  • Moneylenders and Indigenous Bankers
  • Cooperative Banks in India
  • Regional Rural Banks and NABARD
  • Exchange banks
  • Commercial Banks in India
  • Banking legislation in India
  • Nationalisation of Commercial Banks
  • The Reserve Bank of India
  • Recent trends in the Banking system
  • Development Banking in India
  • Banking Sector reforms in India
  • Merchant Banking in India
 

7. INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

  • Theoretical Foundations of International Trade
  • Ricardian Theory/Hecksher Ohlin Theory
  • Factor Movement Theory
  • Free Trade vs. Protection
  • Gains from Trade/Free Trade Agreements
  • Arguments against free trade
  • Tariff and Non-Tariff Barriers
  • Exchange Rate Movements
  • Gold Standard
  • Fixed vs. Flexible Exchange rates
  • International Investments
  • FDI
  • FII and Portfolio investments
  • Derivatives: Futures and Options
  • Multinational Corporations
  • ADRs and GDRs
  • G's summit
  • International Institutions
  • WTO/GATT/BRICS/IBRD/IMF/UNCTAD/ADB
  • ASEAN / NAFTA / SAFTA
  • SAARC
  • Balance of Payments
  • Evaluating India's Performance on Foreign Trade Policy
 

8. FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

  • Introduction of Financial Management
  • Type of Securities & their Valuation including Bonds
  • Leverage including Indifference Level
  • Cost of Capital including WACC
  • Capital structure
  • Dividend Decisions
  • Capital structure
  • Ratio Analysis
  • Working capital Management (Cash management, Inventory Management, Receivables Management)
  • Derivatives
  • Portfolio Management including type of Risk (Systematic &
  • Unsystematic)
  • Credit Rating Agency
  • Economic Value Added(EVA)
  • Foreign Exchange Risk Management
  • Factoring & their types
  • Capital & Money Market & their Instruments
  • Primary & Secondary Market
  • Credit Rating Agency
  • Venture Capital Fund & other sources of Investment
  • Mutual Fund
  • SEBI & Insider Trading
  • Mergers, Acquisition & Buyouts
 

9. TAX LAWS

  • Introduction to Tax (Direct & Indirect)
  • Income Tax & Wealth Tax
  • Basics Concepts of Income Tax including Residential
  • Status
  • Heads of Income Tax (Salary/HP/Capital
  • Gain/PGBP/Other Sources)
  • Income Exempt from Tax
  • Deductions u/s 80 C to 80 U
  • TDS / Advance Tax & MAT
  • Set off & Carried forward of Losses
  • Various types of Income Tax Authorities
  • Penalties under Income Tax
  • Tax Planning / Tax Avoidance / Tax Management / Tax
  • Evasion
  • Central Excise Act 1944/Custom Act 1962
  • Service Tax/ VAT/Sales Tax/Overview of GST
 

10. HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

  • Scope & functions of Human Resource Management
  • Human Resource Planning/Recruitment
  • Job Analysis/ Job Specifications/Job Descriptions
  • Job Rotation/ Job Enlargement/ Job
  • Enrichment/Job Evaluation
  • Career Planning/Career Goals
  • Manpower Planning/Succession Planning
  • Performance Appraisal & Compensation
  • Employee welfare & social security
  • Industrial Relations/ Industrial Disputes/Trade Unions
  • Workers Participation in Management
 

11. MARKETING

  • Marketing Introduction & Evolution of Marketing Concept
  • Types of Marketing & Environment
  • Consumer Behaviour / Marketing Segmentation
  • Marketing Mix/Product Mix
  • Various Decisions in Marketing
  • Recent trends in Marketing
 

12. ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR

  • The concept & Significance of Organisational Behaviour
  • Classical , Neo Classical & Modern Theories of
  • Organisational Behaviour
  • Understanding & Managing Individual Behaviour
  • personality/perception/value/attitude/Learning /motivation
  • Inter – Personal & group dynamics communication
  • Leadership/Managing Change/Managing Conflicts

Disclaimer: Serious effort and consideration were used in formulating the syllabus of NET, however some miscellaneous topics may be left which will be covered during the class. Also, this syllabus is tentative and may be subject to change.